Golden retriever information

Golden retriever information | Breed History, characteristics, grooming, description, and Facts

Dogs of the Golden Retrievers breed are kind, friendly, loyal, and smart. They are naturally gentle and patient, so their behavior is friendly towards children.

Also, they meet strangers with great enthusiasm, just as they meet their owner’s family members. However, they will alert you when an unknown person comes.

Due to these qualities, the Golden Retriever is the most adopted breed in Western countries. 

It is among the top ten dog breeds by multiple registrations in the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, and Canada.

Table of Contents

Golden Retriever Breed History

Where do golden retrievers come from?


There is an interesting history behind how the Golden Retrievers’ breed originated and where it originated.

This dog breed, formerly known as the Golden Flat-Coat, was originally developed by Lord Tweedmouth in the Scottish Highlands in the late 1800s.

The Golden Retrievers are a cross between the flat-coat retriever breed and the Tweed water spaniel breed. Tweet, The tweed Water Spaniel breed dog is now completely extinct.

This dog breed was initially developed to support shooting groups that hunt waterfowl.

Hunters wanted rover to collect their prey, and the Golden Retrievers, an intelligent, obedient dog breed, were perfectly suited for hunters.

The golden retriever’s mouth of the dog did not harm the waterfowl.

In 1900, the whelp of the Golden Retriever breed became distinguished as a temperamental personality and energetic dog.

Lord Harcourt displayed this dog breed for the first time at a dog show in 1908 at a Kennel Club show and shared information about the breed with the public.

In 1911 Mrs. Together with Charleston and other Golden Retriever lovers, they formed a golden retriever Club.

The AKC recognized this breed as an official breed for the first time in 1925.

The Golden Retriever was declared the second most adopted breed by the AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1999.


Due to these qualities of the hound breed, they are being used as family pets, service dogs, therapy dogs, guide dogs for blind people, rescue dogs in search and rescue departments, contributing to law enforcement, and officially serving in narcotic detector departments.

Gradually the dogs of this breed were spread to North America and later to other countries.

Soon this breed became a popular dog due to its personality and temperament.

If you, too, are looking for a dog breed that mixes well with family and behaves well with young children, then the Golden Retriever will be a good decision.

Currently, the coat of this pooch breed has become lighter in color than it used to be in the past.

Golden Retrievers are good hunting dogs and have loyal and friendly personalities.

Dog of this breed is in the highest demand in the united states of America, and in terms of popularity, it comes in fourth place in America.

Apart from the United States, the Golden Retriever dog is adopted in large numbers in Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom.

Golden Retriever Appearance

This dog always attracts everyone to him, dogs golden color coat makes this dog breed very attractive. His eyes reflect his good-natured heart and expressiveness.

They walk proudly, waving their feathered tail, and their nose is ready to observe new things.


Golden retriever coat

There is a range of coats of this breed, in which the golden color is predominant. Along with this, their coat also includes red-golden and black-golden coat colors.

Gradually their coat color also changes, especially around their attractive faces.

Average Lifespan

What is the average age for golden retriever to die?

According to Golden Hearts, golden retrievers typically live between 10 and 12 years, though some have lived to 17, 18, or 19.


A golden retriever’s nose color is usually black or brown, but it may fade to a lighter color with time.


The Golden Retriever’s eyes are dark to medium-brown in color with an intelligent and friendly expression.

Coat Length

This whelp breed has longer fur on the belly and back of its forelegs, while its head, paws, and front legs have short fur.

Coat Color

AKC standards include dark golden, golden, and lightly golden. There are various coat types, including reds, blacks, and whites.


The floppy ears of dogs cover their ear canals on the sides. In general, they are shaped like a gentle V.

Golden retriever height


Golden retriever tail

The golden retriever’s tail is feathery and long, which they carry with a “fun action” and a moderate curve.

Golden retriever weight

The weight of a Golden Retriever can vary depending on its health, diet, and gender.
Based on the chart below, you can estimate the expected weight of your Golden Retriever puppy for both males and females.

Golden retriever weight chart kg

One Month0.90-2.26 KG1.36 – 2.26 KG
Two Months2.26 – 4.53 KG4.53 – 6.80 KG
Three Months6.80 – 9.07 KG9.07 – 11.33 KG
Four Months9.07 – 11.33 KG11.33 – 13.60 KG
Five Months11.33 – 13.60 KG15.87 – 18.14 KG
Six Months13.60 – 15.87 KG15.87 – 20.41 KG
Seven Months13.60 – 18.14 KG18.14 – 22.67 KG
Eight Months15.87 – 20.41 KG20.41 – 24.94 KG
Nine Months18.14 – 22.67 KG22.67 – 27.21 KG
Ten Months20.41 – 24.94 KG24.94 – 29.48 KG
Eleven Months22.67 – 24.94 KG27.21 – 31.75 KG
One Year22.67 – 27.21 KG29.40 – 34.90 KG
Two Year24.94 – 29.48 KG29.48 – 36.20 KG

Golden Retriever Temperament

The Golden Retriever is a very friendly and active dog. They have a positive energy that attracts dog owners and everyone towards them.


Whenever you bring home a new puppy, there are many rules to teach him like how to behave outside the home, meet people, eat and drink, etc.

This training is called dog socialization which makes them the perfect family dog, according to dog experts.

So Golden Retrievers are very quick in learning which makes them the smartest dog breeds because they have been kept in the category of intelligent rover breed.

After the puppy has completed socialization training, he gets along well with everyone.

The nature of this dog breed is friendly, and playful with children, so they are most liked among dog lovers.

Golden retriever dogs love people and love to be petted.


This dog is always energetic and ready to play, hug or lie down with his dog owners. These dogs always welcome their owner with great enthusiasm when they come home.

This canine is very obedient and does not misbehave with anyone, these qualities make this dog breed a great family dog.

In addition to bathing, Golden Retrievers love to play with water and are excellent swimmers.

Therefore, it is easy to bathe them while it is difficult to bathe other dog breeds.

Golden Retriever Accessories

All the household members get excited when you bring home a new puppy. The puppy is still small in size, but its size will increase as it grows.

Apart from this, you will also have to buy essential ​​stuff for the puppy so that you can grow the puppy well.

While buying any item for the dog, keep in mind how much its size will increase. Below is a list of some essential things for a dog which is necessary for a puppy.

Dog Leash

Try to buy an adjustable leash for a puppy. In the future, if the dog grows you can adjust the leash.

Dog Collar

What collar is best for a puppy?

Although flat collars are best for everyday wear and displaying ID tags, experts recommend harnesses for walks and other outdoor activities where your puppy might pull.

The dog collar should be hygienic so that it does not cause itching on the dog’s skin. The dog collar should be strong and escape-proof. 

The collar should be adjustable so that you can adjust it according to the dog’s neck.

Dog crate for golden retriever

Golden retriever dog owners prefer to buy a 42-inch crate. Golden retriever dogs grow up to 24 inches in height when fully grown. 

That’s why you should always buy a dog kennel where the dog can sit comfortably, sleep and move a little.

Dog bed for golden retriever

Golden retrievers are large as they grow. So while choosing their Bed, keep in mind the size of the dog. Most dog owners choose a 40-inch-long bed for a dog of this breed.


Buy healthy treats for golden retrievers

Treats are very important in dog training. By offering a treat, you send the message to the dog that it has followed the training well.

Treats should always be low-calorie, easy to chew, and taste good.

Dog Food and water bowl

What size dog bowl for a golden retriever?

The bowl size is very important when choosing a dog food and water bowl. 

The size of the dog’s bowl should be four times larger than the amount of food given to him.

Chew toys for dogs

Buy some good quality chew toys for dogs. 

Golden retrievers are very energetic, so they should be given good quality chew toys to release their energy by playing with toys. 

Whenever they feel bored, they can spend their time playing with toys.

Golden Retriever Care


Dogs of the Golden Retriever breed are intelligent and learn commands quickly.

When bringing in a Golden Retriever puppy, you should first educate yourself and collect information about the puppy before starting to care for the puppy.

You should first gather information about how to care for a puppy; for this, you can take the help of a dog expert and dog behaviorist.

Below are some tips on how to care for your new puppy, which will help you and your new Puppy to start a new journey.

Puppy health check

When you adopt a new puppy, take the Puppy to the veterinarian and get his complete health examination done.

Any dog ​​should be taken to the vet once a year and should do a complete health checkup.

Puppy vaccine schedule

Get information about vaccination from the veterinarian and puppy vaccine schedule.

Typically, your pet receives 4 main vaccinations: canine parvovirus, canine distemper, rabies, and canine adenovirus-2.

The schedule of vaccination for a puppy is given below.


Puppy feeding chart

What to feed weaning puppies?

Prepare a gruel of canned or dry puppy food mixed with water or a puppy milk replacer. Choose a well-known, name-brand puppy food that is not grain-free.

If the puppies do not like the gruel, try blending it as follows:
Take two cups of Puppies’ food, add 12.5 ounces of puppy milk replacer with 2 cups of water and feed this to the puppy.

This chart is just a general guideline for feeding your puppy. Contact and consult a veterinarian before following the chat.

The new Puppy should have a fixed feeding time, such as milk or puppy solid food. Once the meal time is fixed, please do not change it.

Take the Puppy for daily exercise otherwise, the dog will start gaining weight. It would be good to fix the exercise time too.

By mixing it with vegetables and grains in Puppy’s food, their health will be good.


Hair brushing

The hair of the Golden Retriever keeps falling out from time to time; for this, you should keep brushing on daily basis.

Use good shampoo and brush while bathing the dog. Setting a time and day to bathe the dog will make it easier for the dog to bathe the next time.

Basic Features You Have to Give Puppy

– Good bed and area to sleep

– Good quality food and water

– Dog owner time and good quality toy to play with

– Continuous checkups for good dental care

– Taking time to time for regular exercise and running

– easy access to his “toilets.”

Golden Retriever Health Issues

The life span of the golden retriever is a maximum of 10 to 12 years.

Although this breed is a healthy breed, in recent years, health problems like hip dysplasia and cancer have been recorded in this breed more than in other dogs.

To understand all these health issues, you have to be aware. You will need to keep an eye on the daily behavior of your dog.

Skipping meals, walking slowly, or running at a slow pace, you have to take all such symptoms seriously. 

Dogs cannot share their problem in words; responsible dog owners must identify the signs of health problems.

Some health problems of the golden retriever are given below.



Golden retrievers breed dogs are most likely to suffer cancer of the blood or lymphatic system. Compared to other breeds, golden retrievers are more likely to have cancer development and cancer frequency. 

Hip and elbow dysplasia

This disease elbow dysplasia causes your dog to have difficulty in walking, climbing, and descending stairs. You should seek the advice of a Veterinarian immediately.

Vision defects

This breed can be prone to eye health issues such as cataracts; Regular check-up with the doctor is the only solution.


This problem is not common in the Golden Retriever, but you should be aware of it as a responsible dog owner. 

During an epileptic seizure, the dog falls to the ground, barks, and kicks here and there.

This situation can be frightening for you.

Ear Infections

Playing with water from a Golden Retriever can lead to an ear infection if the dog’s ears are not cleaned properly.

Due to the dog’s floppy ears, there is no air circulation, and the water in the ear does not dry up due to an ear infection. It dog owner’s responsibility to ear cares for the new puppy or adult dog properly.

Be careful and proactive.

As a dog owner, you should pay attention to dog behavior regularly. Get the dog checked regularly by the veterinary visit to avoid any major problems.

Golden Retriever Food And Water

As the Golden Retriever is a large dog, you should know its healthy food requirements. Surely the food you feed directly affects the health of the dog.

Good and right food increases the life of your dog. Hence must meet the nutritional needs of the dog.

Following are some tips to help you choose golden retriever food.



Just as fats and carbohydrates are essential for a dog, your dog’s food must contain protein. Your dog also needs vitamins and minerals.

By giving clean water and a balanced nutritious diet to the dog, you can avoid food-related problems like malnutrition and obesity in the dog.

The best commercial dog food should contain at least 30 percent protein.

However, if you want to prepare homemade meals for your golden retriever, you should consider lamb, chicken, turkey, fish, beef, yogurt, and cooked eggs as protein sources.

Dog and natural foods

Natura- food-hamful-for-dogs
Natura- food-harmful-for-dogs

Natural foods include grapes, onions, garlic, raisins, cheese, chocolate, caffeine, etc.

This natural food item has a bad effect on the dog’s health.

You can also visit our article 40 Dog Food Toxic for Dogs for domestic food items that should not feed to dogs.

Fruits and Vegetables dogs can eat list


Since brown rice flour is rich in fiber, calcium, and other nutrients, you can give this natural food item to your Puppy.

It is a great treat for dogs. A good source of starch for puppies and adult dogs is potato starch. 

Your dog’s diet should include fish oil as a supplement.

Your dog needs certain essential nutrients, and flaxseed contains several of them.

While giving vegetables to the dog, they should be boiled and mashed well.

For fruits and vegetables for your dog, you can click and visit for details.

Meat or protein, fats, carbohydrates, and fiber are all important for a puppy and adult golden retriever, but you should make sure that these are all in balanced amounts.

Golden retriever age and diet

The age of the puppy or adult dog determines its diet.

If you have a puppy, the food needs will be according to his age, and if you have an adult golden retriever, his food requirement will change according to his age.

Overweight Golden Retriever


Of course, an energetic dog needs more food because of its activity level, but if your dog is not active and eats when the opportunity arises, it is overeating.

Overeating is dangerous for dogs’ health.

Overeating will increase your dog’s obesity and lead to health problems.

Food Allergies In Dogs Symptoms


All such food that causes allergies in the dog, all such food items should be avoided for the dog to eat.

Along with this, dog owners must find all the food items that cause allergies in their dogs.

Symptoms of dog allergies due to food like swollen face, ear infection, Itchy skin, gastrointestinal issues, paw infection, and hives.

The dog owner should close watch on these symptoms.

Golden retriever and snacks


Good quality snacks like raw carrots are good for dogs’ health. 

In addition, such natural snacks will keep the dog’s teeth and gums clean.

If your dog prefers raw carrots, try more natural treats.

Veterinary visit


Be sure to consult a veterinarian about which food is right for the dog and which is dangerous for the dog’s health. 

You can also research the information about dog food items yourself. 

With the above information, you can make dog food that is tasty and nutritious.

Good quality and nutritious food prolongs the Golden Retriever’s life span and improves the dog’s health.

Golden Retriever Grooming

Golden retrievers are recognized by their wavy and dog golden-haired coat.

Regular grooming of the dog is required to keep this luxurious coat of golden retrievers shiny and beautiful.

Coat Brushing


Regular brushing can reduce the amount of dog hair falling from the coat in the house, so you should keep the dog’s coat brushed regularly.

You should brush the dog from head to tail and brush more where the dog’s fur is thick and matted.

You must brush the dog’s entire body weekly if you cannot brush daily.



It is important to bathe the Golden Retriever regularly, especially when your dog looks messy and smells bad.

How often should I bathe my Golden Retriever puppy?

You have to bathe your golden retriever Every six to eight weeks.

The coat’s ability to repel water and repel dirt can be affected by too much bathing, which can cause dryness and irritation.

Can I bathe my dog in cold water?

No, Bathe your dog with lukewarm water only. Be sure to check the temperature of the water before bathing the dog.

Human skin feels hot when the water temperature exceeds 100.4 ° Fahrenheit, and this temperature is too hot for dog skin.

The temperature of the dog’s bath water should not exceed 98.6° Fahrenheit. Use a good quality shampoo, wash the shampoo thoroughly and wipe the dog’s coat thoroughly with a large towel.

Brushing the dog after bathing will straighten the dog’s hair.

Golden Retriever Hair Trimming


The golden retriever has double coats on its body, the first is the undercoat, and the second is the overcoat.

Both these coats are made on the dog’s body so that the dog’s body temperature is balanced according to the cold and hot weather.

Therefore, the entire coat of the Goldener Retriever should never be trimmed. You should trim the hair of the dog lightly with scissors.

Trim the fur on your dog’s legs and paws as well. Brush and trim the hair between the toes of the dog’s feet.

Dogs Footpads


Inspect the pad of the dog or puppy paw; if any pad is torn, apply Vaseline.

After trimming the fur of the front leg, trim the fur of the dog’s back leg. Trim off fuzzy and unkempt fur.

The fur of the back leg should always be longer than the front leg.

Neck and chest Hair trimming

The hair on the chest and neck of the Goldener Retriever grows a lot, so trim the dog hair using thin scissors.

Ears hair trimming


Trim the dog’s ear hair from the front and back with scissors.

Trim the ears’ fur, removing stray hairs with thinning shears.

Tail Hair trimming

Do not cut the dog’s tail fur too much. The length should be tapered from base to tip, using thin shears to keep it looking natural.

Dog eyes and ears


How to clean dog eye boogers?

Clean the dog’s ears and wipe the eyes with the help of mineral oil and cotton balls. While wiping the eyes, ensure the oil does not get in the eyes.

Nail cutting


Keep the dog’s nails cut regularly; long nails can break, making it difficult for the dog to walk.

Cutting a dog’s nails is certainly not easy, as dogs cannot keep their claws steady for long. 

Use a good dog nail trimmer, and take care of the live area of ​​the dog’s feet.

Flea and tick


Applying flea and tick preventative to dog’s coat to avoid fleas and ticks.

By applying flea and tick preventative, the dog’s coat will get rid of fleas and ticks, and the dog’s coat will also be free from dandruff and flea dust.

Golden Retriever Exercise

The Golden Retriever was formerly bred to assist in hunting.

This breed of dog is a very active dog, so he needs to be exercised daily to release his energy.


How much exercise an active dogs need depends on the dog’s age. A Golden Retriever needs at least two hours of good exercise every day. Try to divide these two hours into the whole day like morning and evening.

Walks and running are best spread out during the day, along with extra playtime and training.

The Golden Retriever Puppy should be exercised for 25-30 minutes in short intervals throughout the day.

If your little Puppy is 3 months old, you should give him 15 minutes of exercise per day; for 4 months old Puppy, 20 minutes of exercise per day; for a 5-month-old Puppy, you should exercise for 25 minutes a day.

It is recommended that you follow this rule until your pup reaches one year of age. The bones of the Goldener Retriever puppy develop during childhood, and the body is also developing.

Exercising a puppy too much can cause problems with bones and bone joints.

Golden Retriever Training

The Golden Retriever is intelligent and its activity level is high, so it is easy to train this breed. These dogs are quick to learn new commands and tricks.

These dogs are an energetic breed and good family pet, so you must prevent your Puppy from adopting bad habits.


Consistency and patience

You’ll have to work consistently and patiently to train your Puppy. Whenever your Puppy obeys your instructions properly, give him love and dog treats to eat.

This activity will signal to Puppy’s mind that he has done some good work.


Allow the puppy to mingle with other puppies by taking the puppy to the park as part of a series of obedience training. It is an important part of socialization and training.

Skipping this part of the training will cause the Puppy to cry and bark at the sight of the new Puppy, which will create a bad habit in the Puppy.

Home obedience training

Dog owners should develop good puppy urination habits.

After giving food to the Puppy, give water to the drink and take him out of the house after 30 minutes.

Dog owners should Leave the Puppy outside the house until it defecates. The Puppy will learn that he has to pee outside the house by repeating this process.

Dog day scheduler


Dog owners should make a dog’s whole day schedule, when the dog wakes; up when it sleeps; when it demands to defecate, etc.

Along with this, dog owners should fix the time of giving food. Dog owners should not change the timing of feeding.

Dog trainer

If you do not know how to train a puppy, then it is better that you can take the services of an expert dog trainer.

Dog trainers are very professional, and their training will lay the foundation for good habits in your Puppy.

Conclusion- Golden Retriever Information

The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds in the western United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia.

These dogs are an intelligent and energetic breed, as the dogs of this breed in the past were bred to accompany them in hunting.


But before adopting a puppy of any breed, you should ensure that your home is suitable for his living or not.

The size of the Golden Retriever increases with age; if your home is small or you live in an apartment, then large-sized dogs may not be suitable for you.

The Boston Terrier will be the right apartment dog for you, depending on where you live in the apartment.

Yes, if you have a backyard in your house, then you should think about adopting this breed of puppy.

No doubt the golden retriever breeds are great family dogs but they are full of energy.

To release their energy dog owners should invest their time to take them for regular exercise or long walks.

Dog owners should spare time for health check-ups and regular veterinary visits. The all above qualities of this dog breed make them one of the smartest dog breeds.

Apart from this in the list of AKC popular dog breeds in 2022 golden retriever breed is included in the top ten list.

Disclaimer: We are not veterinarians, and this article should not be taken as medical or veterinary advice. If you have questions about your pet’s health or dietary needs, do not hesitate to contact your local veterinarian.

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